Sciatica is pain resulting from irritation of the sciatic nerve. Sciatica pain is typically felt from the low back to behind the thigh and radiating down below the knee. The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body and begins from nerve roots in the lumbar spinal cord in the low back and extends through the buttock area to send nerve endings down the lower limb.


  • While sciatica is most commonly a result of a disc herniation directly pressing on the nerve, any cause of irritation or inflammation of this nerve can reproduce the symptoms of sciatica.
  • These causes include irritation of the nerve from adjacent bone, tumors, muscle, internal bleeding, infections, injury, and other causes.


  • Sciatica causes pain, burning sensation, numbness, or tingling radiating from the lower back and upper buttock down the back of the thigh to the back of the leg.
  • Severe sciatica can make walking difficult if not impossible.
  • Sometimes the symptoms of sciatica are aggravated by walking or bending at the waist and relieved by lying down.


  • Sciatica is diagnosed with a physical exam and medical history.
  • The typical symptoms and certain examination maneuvers help the health-care practitioner to diagnose sciatica.
  • Sometimes, x-rays, films, and other tests, such as CAT scan or MRI scan and electromyogram, are used to further define causes of sciatica.


  • Bed rest has been traditionally advocated for the treatment of sciatica.
  • Medications to relieve pain and inflammation and relax muscles

Physioline Management

At Physioline, all the members of the rehabilitation team work together so as to provide proper care and the therapy in order to:

  • Pain relief
  • Reduce stiffness
  • Traction
  • Core muscle strengthening
  • Mobilization
  • Prescription of back splint