Multiple Sclerosis

INTRODUCTION:-

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord, damaging the myelin sheath, the material that surrounds and protects your nerve cells.

Causes of multiple sclerosis:

Although many risk factors for multiple sclerosis have been identified, no definitive cause has been found.

  • MS likely occurs as a result of some combination of both environmental and genetic factors.
  • Although most accept an autoimmune explanation, several theories suggest that MS is an appropriate immune response to one or several underlying conditions (the etiology could be heterogeneous).

Clinical symptoms:

  • Blurred or double vision
  • Loss of vision in one eye
  • Slurred or slowed speech
  • Easy fatigability
  • Psychological changes
  • Weakness or paralysis of limbs
  • Poor coordination
  • Shaking of limb staggering gait
  • Poor balance
  • Dragging feet
  • Numbness or pins and needles
  • Poor bladder and bowel control

Pattern of symptoms:

  • Vary greatly from person to person
  • Vary over time in each individual affected
  • First symptoms usually in young adults
  • Early symptoms are usually transient
  • Early symptoms usually include problems with vision
  • Problems develop in more than one nervous system function

Diagnosis:

  • MRI of the brain and spine is often used during the diagnostic process. MRI shows areas of demyelination (lesions) as bright spots on the image.
  • Testing of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) can provide evidence of chronic inflammation of the central nervous system.

PHYSIOLINE’S Physiotherapy has a vital role to play.

Physioline’s Specialised Physiotherapy can teach a person with MS how to recover a good posture for their body – with particular emphasis on the right way to stand, to walk, to rise from a sitting or lying position, and how best to position oneself for sleeping. The benefits can include more normal and easier movement and, as a consequence, the possibility of enjoying a more active life. Preventative therapy is encouraged early in order to avoid secondary disability which arises from disuse. Physiotherapy treatment programmes should be tailored to the individual needs of each MS person.

The exercise and therapy programme they devised used a neurological approach to physiotherapy to help MS patients to:

  • Learn to control and co-ordinate movement patterns.
  • Reduce spasticity and encourage more normal movements.
  • Regain functional abilities.

Physioline’s Specialized Physiotherapy can help:

  • To keep muscles strong and strengthen those that are weak.
  • To keep joints mobile and prevent stiffness becoming permanent.
  • To improve co-ordination and balance.
  • To improve circulation, thereby supporting bodily functions.
  • To prevent pressure sores.

Prognosis:

The multiple sclerosis prognosis is variable. It ranges from mild to very serious, depending on exactly which nerves are attacked.

Average survival is 35 years after diagnosis. A rare form of acute MS can be fatal quickly.

DETAILED TREATMENT :- Kindly contact Physioline for the detailed assessment and treatment program which is individualized according to every patient.