Hallux Valgus

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INTRODUCTION:-

 Hallux valgus is an abnormally positioned big toe, in which the joint at the base of the toe bulges outward from the inner side of the foot and the big toe points inward (toward the smaller toes)

CAUSES:-

The cause of hallux valgus is usually ill-fitting footwear, but vulnerability to this disorder seems to run in families. Because women’s fashions often dictate shoes that fit poorly, women are more prone to developing these deformities.

The hallux valgus actually creates a widening of the foot because the base of the big toe bulges outward from the foot. Deviation of the big toe also occurs, so that the big toe points toward the smaller toes. The result is a bump on the inside edge of the foot, where the metatarsal head meets the base of the big toe. Under this bump is a bursa (a fluid-filled sac). The bursa becomes irritated by friction with the shoe, resulting in swelling of the bursa underneath the bump, thus increasing the size of the bump—this is called a bunion. Continued irritation of the bunion by friction with the shoe leads to increased bone growth and further swelling of the bursa, enlarging the bunion and further widening the foot.

SYMPTOMS:-

Pain

Irritated skin around the bunion

Pain when walking

Joint redness

Shift of the big toe toward the other toes.

TREATMENT

The initial goal of treatment options is to relieve pressure on the bunion and any symptoms that may be present and to halt or slow the progression of the joint deformity. There is no effective may be “get rid off” a bunion without surgery.

 

Kindly contact PHYSIOLINE for further consultation and rehabilitation